Last Updated: Jul 7, 2016
Google Scholar now has a citation feature that provides citations in MLA, APA, and Chicago style. The citations seem to be accurate, if incomplete. They lack the required information about online access.
For example, APA style requires that if you use an online journal article, you provide the doi (digital object identifier) or the url of the journal homepage at the end of the citation. This is not included in the APA citation produced by Google Scholar.
BibMe is a free citation generator developed at Carnegie Mellon University that produces citations and bibliographies in APA, MLA, Chicago and Turabian styles. It has some features not found in other free citation generators, such as autofill and the ability to switch between citation styles.
- Citation Machine
Citation Machine is a free site that automatically produces MLA, APA, Turabian or Chicago style citations for a variety of sources (but not bibliographies). Users can copy and paste citations into Word. It was developed by David Warlick, an educator.
- Citavi Free
Free full-featured version of Citavi for up to 100 references. Search for, manage, organize and cite sources.
Docscite is a free site that automatically produces MLA or APA style citations for government documents. DocsCite was developed at, and is provided by, Arizona State University Libraries.
KnightCite is a free site that automatically produce MLA, APA, or Chicago style citations for 25 types of sources.
From the Hekman Library at Calvin College.
A free reference manager and academic social network. Users can automatically generate bliographies, collaborate with other researchers online, import papers from other research software, find relevant papers, access papers from anywhere online, and read papers on the go with iPhone app.
- NoodleTools Express
Free tool that allows users to create citations in MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian styles that can be copied and pasted into a document. Citations are not compiled into a source list and cannot be saved.
This free site automatically produces MLA or APA style citations for 6 basic types of sources. There is excellent help on each screen to walk users through the processing of citing a source.
Zotero is a free, open source utility that works in the Firefox browser to help users collect, manage and cite sources. It was developed at George Mason University. Highly recommended.